Anatomy of the eye, from a Latin edition of Alhazen’s Opticæ Thesaurus (Kitāb al-Manāẓir).
The Tree of Science, from a 1515 edition of Raymond Lull, who popularized an early form of symbolic logic and of paper computers in the XIIIth century.
The System of the Universe, from Robert Fludd’s Utriusque cosmi, maioris scilicet et minoris metaphysica, physica atque technica historia (the metaphysical, physical, and technical history of the two worlds), 1617-1621. On that picture, God commands to Nature, which in turn commands to Humanity (depicted as a geometer ape). Angels, stars, planets, elements, animals, plants, minerals, sciences and arts are concentric parts of the diagram. The influence of planets on innermost spheres is also depicted according to Fludd’s theories.
Correspondance between the macrocosm and the microcosm (the universe and the human body) from Robert Fludd’s Philosophia sacra et vere Christiana seu Meteorologia cosmica (1623).
The Circulation of the Blood, from Robert Fludd's Philosophia sacra et vere Christiana seu Meteorologia cosmica, published in 1623.
These pretty fruits here represented, in the 18. scheme, are nothing else, but nine several seeds of Tyme; they are all of them in differing posture, both as to the eye and the light; not are they all of them exactly of the same shape, there being a great variety both in the bulk and figure of each seed; but they all agreed in this, that being look’d on with a Microscope, they each of them exactly resembled a Lemmon or Orange dry’d; and this both in shape and colour.— from Robert Hooke’s Micrographia.