The King James Version of the Bible is well-known, but it’s remarkable that King James VI and I was also the author of a book on daemonology and witchcraft, and more precisely on how to conduct witch hunting. The influence of this book, combined with Jean Bodin's Demonomania, started the great witch craze of the XVIIth century where countless women were executed for commerce with the devil.

The King James Version of the Bible is well-known, but it’s remarkable that King James VI and I was also the author of a book on daemonology and witchcraft, and more precisely on how to conduct witch hunting. The influence of this book, combined with Jean Bodin's Demonomania, started the great witch craze of the XVIIth century where countless women were executed for commerce with the devil.

The 22 hebraic letters, from Johannes Reuchlin’s Principium libri de rudimentis hebraicis, 1506. Reuchlin’s interest in the hebraic alphabet stem from his investigations in the recently founded Christian cabala, itself built on the Jewish cabala of Spanish origins (but thought by Reuchlin to be much more ancient); hence the reference to Plato’s Cratylus dialogue immediately afterwards (where Socrates investigates the meaning and origin of individual greek letters).

The 22 hebraic letters, from Johannes Reuchlin’s Principium libri de rudimentis hebraicis, 1506. Reuchlin’s interest in the hebraic alphabet stem from his investigations in the recently founded Christian cabala, itself built on the Jewish cabala of Spanish origins (but thought by Reuchlin to be much more ancient); hence the reference to Plato’s Cratylus dialogue immediately afterwards (where Socrates investigates the meaning and origin of individual greek letters).

A serpent, from Livre des symples medichinos, autrement dit Arboriste, continué selon le A, B, C. by Platearius (XVth century manuscript).

A serpent, from Livre des symples medichinos, autrement dit Arboriste, continué selon le A, B, C. by Platearius (XVth century manuscript).

[The Cotton Club] was a place where white customers could experience so-called “jungle nights” in Harlem, full of what they thought to be the darkies’ “natural” behavior — authentically imbecilic, if not amusingly or intriguingly subhuman, much like the thug-and-slut hip-hop world of today.

To middle America, the Negro jazz musician comes across as both drug-addicted and a clownish buffoon donning a funny hat.

Quotes respectively from Stanley Crouch, Kansas City Lightning, and Robin D.G. Kelley, Thelonious Monk: the life and times of an American original. From minstrelsy to gangsta rap, there’s a whole history in the USA of manufactured racist entertainment, which role is to comfort whites in their stereotypes about blacks (and thus about their superiority as a race).
The mountain where amber is found; close to a source, appears a creature of human form, and another with the head of a horse. (Persian manuscript, XVIth century)

The mountain where amber is found; close to a source, appears a creature of human form, and another with the head of a horse. (Persian manuscript, XVIth century)

Map of Nice and its castle in 1610

Map of Nice and its castle in 1610

Map of Leiden (Netherlands) in 1742

Map of Leiden (Netherlands) in 1742

Nel mezzo del cammin di noſtra uita / Mi ritrouai per una ſelua oſcura / Che la dirrita uia eta ſmarrita. — First page of an early manuscript of Dante’s Inferno.

Nel mezzo del cammin di noſtra uita / Mi ritrouai per una ſelua oſcura / Che la dirrita uia eta ſmarrita. — First page of an early manuscript of Dante’s Inferno.

A unicorn killed by a spearman. From a XIIIth-century English bestiary.

A unicorn killed by a spearman. From a XIIIth-century English bestiary.

Lady with a unicorn, from Hortus Sanitatis, by Johannes de Cuba, a medical book published in 1491.

Lady with a unicorn, from Hortus Sanitatis, by Johannes de Cuba, a medical book published in 1491.